Enquire is a lifeline for parents who are struggling and need help as far as educational policies and law are concerned
Chapter 1: How to use this guide
- Rights and responsibilities
- Parent or carer
- Education authority
- Public and private education
- Home and host authorities
- Case studies
- Young people aged 16 or over
- Using the Glossary
Enquire has produced this guide to additional support for learning to help you understand your rights, your child’s rights and your education authority’s responsibility to your child. We hope you will use the guide as a reference document.
The guide explains what the Education (Additional Support for Learning) (Scotland) Act 2004, as amended, (the ‘ASL Act’), and the code of practice that accompanies the Act, say about supporting children’s learning. It also refers to other relevant legislation. This guide does not, however, cover everything in the ASL Act, nor is it an authoritative interpretation of the legislation or code of practice.
Rights and responsibilities
The rights and responsibilities in the guide relate to those under the ASL Act, unless otherwise stated. At the end of each chapter the ‘At a glance’ section highlights the legal rights that you and your child have under this law and the legal responsibilities that education authorities have. Education authorities also have powers that allow them to take specific action but they are not legally obliged to use those powers.
Parent or carer
Throughout the guide we refer to ‘you’ as the parent of a child who may have additional support needs. The term ‘parent’ includes anyone who has parental responsibilities under the Education (Scotland) Act 1980 as amended, or who has care of a child or maintains a child.
This is the department of your local authority (council) that is responsible for education in your area. The ASL Act places legal duties on education authorities for children educated in the public education system. The way council departments are organised can vary. Some councils have an education department, but others may include education within, say, a Department of Children’s Services, which can include other services.
Public and private education
Where the guide refers to ‘your education authority’, it assumes that your child is educated by the public education system in a local authority school, pre-school, partnership nursery or an independent special school placement funded by the education authority. Children who are educated outside the public education system may be identified as having additional support needs and may receive additional support. If your child is educated outside the public education system, information that is relevant to them is highlighted in each chapter where appropriate.
Home and host authorities
If your child goes to a local authority school in the area where they and you live, they are educated by their ‘home education authority’. However, if your child goes to a local authority school outside your area, they are educated in a ‘host education authority’. The reasons for them being educated outside their local area will affect which authority is legally responsible for their education. In each chapter, we highlight information that is relevant to them where appropriate.
There are case studies in this guide to illustrate some of the barriers to learning, and the support that children and young people with additional support needs may experience. These scenarios relate to specific information in each chapter and how it may apply in practice.
The photographs used for case studies are of models and no connection is implied between these persons and the content of the guide.
Young people aged 16 or over
Your child has similar rights to you under the ASL Act if they are aged 16 or over. The guide shows where this is relevant. Enquire also publishes a series of guides specifically for young people. You can order them free from Enquire.
You, as a parent, can make decisions for your child aged 16 or over if they do not have the capacity to do so themselves. Refer to the Adults with Incapacity (Scotland) Act 2000 for more information about this: www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2008/03/25120154/1
Using the Glossary
Where a word is shown as a link and is in a bold font (for example, health visitor), you will find further information in the Glossary. Please use the back button of your browser to return to the main text.